This is a featured article. Compendium of the social doctrine of the church pdf here for more information. Vitrail de synagogue-Musée alsacien de Strasbourg.
Middle Ages, but with inconsistent emphasis. The Old Testament does not make clear how the texts should be divided to arrive at ten commandments. The two forms have slightly different numbering, but maintain exactly the same substance despite some Protestant claims to the contrary. Eastern Church tradition, considering the text against covetousness as a single proscription, but differs from Christian denominations in that it considers what many Christians call a prologue to be the entire first commandment.
The Ten Commandments are recognized as a moral foundation by Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. God, freed the Israelites from physical slavery in Egypt. According to Church teaching, God offered a covenant—which included the Ten Commandments—to also free them from the “spiritual slavery” of sin. Some historians have described this as “the central event in the history of ancient Israel”.
Explaining Church teaching, Kreeft states, “The Commandments are to the moral order what the creation story in Genesis 1 is to the natural order. They are God’s order conquering chaos. They are not man’s ideas about God, but God’s ideas about man. Although it is uncertain what role the Ten Commandments played in early Christian worship, evidence suggests they were recited during some services and used in Christian education. Scholars contend that the Commandments were highly regarded by the early Church as a summary of God’s law. Surviving evidence reveals that some bishops’ efforts to implement the Council’s resolutions included special emphasis on teaching the Commandments in their respective dioceses. Centuries later, the lack of instruction in them by some dioceses formed the basis of one of the criticisms launched against the Church by Protestant reformers.
Christian life was dependent upon the grace solely obtained through the sacramental life provided by the Catholic Church. This emphasis conflicted with Protestant beliefs, which held the Commandments as the source of divine grace. Church has given them a predominant place in teaching the faith since the fifth century. Kreeft explains that the Church regards them as “a path of life”, and a “path to freedom” just as a schoolyard fence protects children from “life-threatening dangers”. I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
You shall have no other gods before me. Augustine interpreted this commandment as “Love God and then do what you will”. Explaining this sentiment, Kreeft states that all sin “serves some other god, obeys another commander: the world or the flesh or the devil”, if God truly be loved then one will do what God wills. Catholics against despair and presumption. Church says this is a misunderstanding. In the Church’s opinion, “the honor paid to sacred images is a ‘respectful veneration’, not the adoration due to God alone”.
Son of God introduced a new economy of images”. Regarding graven images, they expound that this command addresses idolatry that in ancient times expressed itself in the worship of such things as the “sun, moon, stars, trees, bulls, eagles, and serpents” as well as “emperors and kings”. They explain that today, idolatry expresses itself in the worship of other things, and list some as “power, money, materialism and sports. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
The second commandment prohibits the use of God’s name in vain. They interpreted his statement as a claim of divinity. Kreeft writes that all of the names by which God is known are holy, and thus all of those names are protected by the second commandment. Respect for his name is an expression of the respect owed to the mystery of God himself and to the whole sacred reality it evokes. Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name”.
Benedict states that the Incarnation was the culmination of a process that “had begun with the giving of the divine name. Benedict elaborates that this means the divine name could be misused and that Jesus’ inclusion of “hallowed be thy name” is a plea for the sanctification of God’s name, to “protect the wonderful mystery of his accessibility to us, and constantly assert his true identity as opposed to our distortion of it”. According to Catholic teaching, this commandment does not preclude the use of God’s name in taking solemn oaths administered by legitimate authority. Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
God, who rested on the seventh day after the creation. It also constituted the core of the social order. This practice dates to the first century, arising from their belief that Jesus rose from the dead on the first day of the week. Christians to come together on the Lord’s Day to break bread and give thanks. Jewish Sabbath had been transferred to Sunday and that Christians must keep Sunday in the same way as the Jews were commanded to keep the Sabbath. 538 reprobated this tendency, to apply the law of the Jewish Sabbath to the observance of the Christian Sunday, as Jewish and non-Christian. The Church leaders of later centuries inscribed Sunday rest into official Church teaching, and Christian governments have attempted to enforce the Sunday rest throughout history.
On these days, Catholics may not work or do activities that “hinder the worship due to God”, but “performance of the works of mercy, and appropriate relaxation in a spirit of joy” are permitted. Because the faithful are obliged to attend Mass unless there is a grave impediment, pastors have the corresponding duty to offer everyone the real possibility of fulfilling the precept. Yet more than a precept, the observance should be seen as a need rising from the depths of Christian life. It is crucially important that all the faithful should be convinced that they cannot live their faith or share fully in the life of the Christian community unless they take part regularly in the Sunday Eucharistic assembly. Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land which the Lord your God gives you. Pope Benedict XVI states that Rabbi Neusner “rightly sees this commandment as anchoring the heart of the social order”.